Sportsko društvo Crvena zvezda, commonly abbreviated as SD Crvena zvezda, is a multi-sport club from Belgrade, Serbia.
SD Crvena zvezda’s clubs have won 681 trophies, including 3 Intercontinental trophies, 8 European trophies, 9 Regional trophies, 459 National Leagues, 194 National Cups and 8 National Super Cups. SD Crvena zvezda’s athletes have won 42 Olympic medals, including 8 gold, 23 silver and 11 bronze medals.
SD Crvena zvezda is the most successful sports society in Serbia, and one of the four most successful sports societies in the world.
In February 1945, during World War II, a group of young men, active players, students and members of the Serbian United Antifascist Youth League, decided to form a Youth Physical Culture Society, that was to become Red Star Belgrade on 4 March. Previously, as of December 1944, all pre-war Serbian clubs were abolished, and on 5 May 1945, communist Secretary of Sports Mitra Mitrović-Djilas signed the decree dissolving formally all pre-war clubs on the territory of Socialist Republic of Serbia. The clubs were dissolved because during the German occupation, there was an attempt to organize the league so all the clubs were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito’s communist regime. Two of the most popular clubs from Belgrade were SK Jugoslavija and BSK Belgrade. Red Star was formed on the remains of SK Jugoslavija and they were given SK Jugoslavija’s stadium, offices, players and even their red and white colours, along with the logo with addition of a red star. The entire BSK Belgrade squad also joined along with some other players from Belgrade and Central Serbia.
The name Red Star was assigned after a long discussion. Other ideas shortlisted by the delegates included “People’s Star”, “Blue Star”, “Proleter”, “Stalin”, “Lenin”, etc. The initial vice presidents of the Sport Society – Zoran Žujović and Slobodan Ćosić – were the ones who assigned it. Red Star was soon adopted as a symbol of Serbian nationalism within Yugoslavia and a sporting institution which remains the country’s most popular to this day. On that day, Red Star played the first football match in the club’s history against the First Battalion of the Second Brigade of KNOJ (People’s Defence Corps of Yugoslavia) and won 3–0.
At the end of the World War II, several of pre-war Yugoslav clubs were dissolved because they had played matches during the war and were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito communist authorities. One of these clubs was SK Jugoslavija from Belgrade. Red Star was formed from the remains of Jugoslavija and they were given their red and white colours. The typical kit of Red Star is a shirt with red and white vertical stripes, and red or white shorts and socks. Sometimes the club also used an all-red one next to the all-white one. Red Star also used, as away kit or third kit, an all-blue jersey, but very rarely, so that the club used all the colours of the Serbian flag. The crest is a red five-pointed star, white framed, on a red-white background. In addition, the whole crest is framed with gold colour. There are two golden stars on the top of their emblem, symbolizing the 20 titles won.